Mastectomy is a treatment for breast cancer malignancy which involves the surgical removal of cancerous busts. At times it is also performed with an intention to prevent breast cancer in women who hold the greater risk of the disease. You can altogether get infected or to be infected bosom replaced with an artificial identical by reconstruction. Read on to know what happens before, after and during the mastectomy surgery.
Preparations prior to the surgery
On reaching the hospital, you will be asked to change into a hospital gown and wait until your breast specialist attends you. You can have the company of a couple of your friends or family members. You will be asked to sit straight on a chair to get the preparations started. The expert or a nurse will draw markings with a felt-tip marker over your bosom for the incision to be made.
You will be moved in the operation theatre, where a female assistant will insert a needle into your hand connected to a long intravenous infusion (IV) line and tape it into place. Some medications will be provided to you through the infused line following general anesthesia.
During the surgery
A breast cancer specialist will nearly take a couple of hours for the operation. In most of the cases, the incisions are made in the shape of the oval around the nipple across the bust width. The exact size of the incision depends on the type of mastectomy you undergo.
When the incision is made, the bust tissue is extracted from the skin lying beneath and the chest wall muscle. The tissue present between the collarbone and ribs, the bone present in the center of the bosom and from the sides of the body is removed. In case of a full radical surgery, your chest muscle may also be removed. If you have a reconstruction operation in your plan, your breast consultant will perform it right after the surgery.
At the final stage, the surgeon will check for any bleeding in the operated areas and will insert surgical drains. The site will be covered with a bandage after the area has been stitched.
After the surgery
Post-surgery, you will be transferred to the recovery room, where the staff will record your heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature. You will be provided with the necessary medication to ease out your pain. You will be shifted to a hospital for a few days. Generally, the time period of the stay is 2-3 days after the treatment.
When suffering from a bust disease, several diagnosis treatments can prove to be helpful in treating the ailment. You can go for a mammogram, breast conservation surgery, breast cancer radiotherapy treatment, breast cancer screening, node biopsy and many more.
Summary – Mastectomy is a process of removing the malignant bosom entirely. A woman who suspects cancerous cells in her bosom can go for the surgery after consulting her breast cancer specialist. Proper care is important to be taken after the operation to avoid further complications.